Tag Archives: Glasfaser

Hacking the Genexis FiberTwist-P2410

In my previous article I described the key components the Genexis FiberTwist-P2410 is comprised of. One of these components is the serial console connector, and its presence was so tempting that I simply had to play with it…

Layout of Serial Console Connector
Layout of Serial Console Connector

So I connected a UART-to-USB converter and watched the console output while the device boots… Communications parameters were easy to guess: 115,200 bps, 8N1, no handshake (neither HW, nor SW)… Continue reading Hacking the Genexis FiberTwist-P2410

Genexis FiberTwist-P2410 dissected

By chance I got an early hands-on on a fiber network terminator (NT)/broadband gateway (such a device will soon be installed for my FTTH line provided by “Deutsche Glasfaser.”) I don’t know how it happened, but it suddenly fell apart, so I had a brief look under the hood… :-D

IMG_0673
Genexis FiberTwist-P2410 inside view

The SoC is a Lantiq PXB 4369 EL V2.1 (GRX300), which is a Gigabit Ethernet Router/Gateway SoC with int. 2×2 WiFi. There aren’t any antennas, though, and it seems you can’t add any either. The device is from the GRX 300 series, which is a “CPE Network Processor with integrated WiFi.”

A Russian web site states that its actually the GRX369 series, and that the SoC is clocked with 600 MHz. (Update: The CPU is a MIPS 34Kc V5.6 clocked at 600 MHz, 397.82 BogoMIPS.)

The device can be simply twisted on the wall junction box which is the provider’s fiber hand-over point (“fiber management unit,” FMU.)

On the WAN side we have a Mentech FGE20-N9C-35S as the optical transceiver module (2×5 form factor) for single-mode fiber in passive optical networks (PON). Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) is used so a single fiber can be used for both downstream and upstream data. The maximum data rate this transceiver can handle is 1.25 Gbit/s (which suggests we’re talking EPON, 802.3ah-2004 here…). The reach without intermediate amplification is 20 km(!). Wavelengths of 1,310 nm (upstream)/1,490 nm (downstream) are used.

For LAN connectivity the gateway has 4 Gigabit Ethernet ports, driven by two FPE LG48204DH 2-port LAN transformer modules in a DIP-48 package.

The transceiver is a Marvell 88E1512-NNp2 out of the “Alaska” series, 10/100/1000 BASE-T single-port PHY (so it seems that all fiber/Ethernet ports are on the same switch), supporting Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE) and Advanced Virtual Cable Tester functionality.

Update: The switch seems to be a Lantiq VRX318 (or compatible).

Firmware is stored in a Elite Semiconductor (ESMT) F59L1G81LA-25T single-level serial (SPI) NAND flash chip in a TSOP48 package. It operates with 3.3V at a clock of 25 ns and has a flash density of 1 Gbit and a bus width of 8 bits. The total memory size is 128 MByte.

RAM is provided by a Winbond W971GG6SB-25 chip, which is a DDR2-800 (5-5-5) SDRAM chip with a size of 128 MByte, operating at transfer rates of 800 Mbit/s per pin with a power supply of 1.8 V. (Update: The RAM is actually clocked at 300 MHz.)

It seems that the broadband gateway is equipped with a serial-console connector.

Here’s another photo that shows where the key components are located:

Genexis FiberTwist-P2410 with key components
Genexis FiberTwist-P2410 with key components

Please let me know if this in any way helps you, or you can contribute to this post.

“Kampf für die Glasfaser”

Wer sich wundert warum hier in der letzten Zeit nicht viel los ist:

Ich bin seit einer Weile aktiv in der Bürgerinitiative PRO Glasfaser, die sich für den Ausbau unseres Dorfes Grevenbroich-Kapellen mit schnellem Internet per Glasfaser einsetzt. Die gemeinsame Arbeit mit den Nachbarn macht viel Spaß, verschlingt aber auch viel Zeit.

Doch ich denke es lohnt sich hier mitzumachen, denn es geht um die Zukunft unseres Ortes. Wenn wir jetzt — im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes — “den Anschluss verpassen”, wird unser Ort für junge Leute uninteressant. Diese ziehen dann gar nicht erst nach Kapellen, oder die, die schon hier wohnen, verlassen ihn.

Also, habt Geduld, es kommen auch wieder Zeiten wo ich wieder interessante Artikel für Euch schreiben kann.

Bis dahin viele Grüße!